The Extraordinary EEC-Turkey Association Agreement

As a legal enthusiast, I have always been fascinated by the various international agreements and their impact on the global legal landscape. One such agreement that has caught my attention is the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement. This agreement, signed in 1963, has not only shaped the economic and political relations between the European Economic Community (EEC) and Turkey but has also set a precedent for future international treaties.

The Key Provisions of the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement

The EEC-Turkey Association Agreement aimed to establish a Customs Union between the parties, promote the modernization and diversification of the Turkish economy, and foster closer political and economic ties. It paved the way for the eventual accession of Turkey to the EEC, now the European Union (EU).

Key Provisions Impact
Customs Union Facilitated the free movement of goods between the parties, leading to increased trade and economic integration.
Modernization of the Turkish Economy Encouraged the adoption of EEC standards and regulations, bolstering Turkey`s economic growth and development.
Political and Economic Cooperation Promoted closer ties between the EEC and Turkey, laying the groundwork for future collaboration.

Impact Agreement

Since the implementation of the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement, there has been a significant increase in trade between the EEC countries and Turkey. According to statistics, the value of EU-Turkey trade has grown substantially, with the EU being Turkey`s largest trading partner and Turkey being the EU`s 5th largest export market.

Challenges and Controversies

While EEC-Turkey Association Agreement has brought about positive developments, has also faced Challenges and Controversies. One notable case is the issue of the free movement of Turkish workers within the EEC. Despite the agreement`s provisions for the gradual liberalization of the movement of workers, several EEC member states imposed restrictions on the entry of Turkish workers, leading to tensions and legal disputes.


As the legal framework of the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement continues to evolve, it is essential to assess its impact on contemporary legal and economic developments. The ongoing negotiations for the modernization of the Customs Union between the EU and Turkey reflect the enduring relevance of the agreement and the potential for further cooperation.

The EEC-Turkey Association Agreement stands as a testament to the power of international treaties in shaping legal, economic, and political relations. Its legacy continues to inspire legal scholars and practitioners to explore the complexities and opportunities of international agreements.

Understanding the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement: 10 Legal Questions Answered

Question Answer
1. What is the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement? The EEC-Turkey Association Agreement is a treaty that aims to foster closer economic and political ties between the European Economic Community (EEC) and Turkey. It was signed in 1963 and entered into force in 1964, with the objective of promoting Turkey`s economic development and integration with the EEC.
2. What are the main provisions of the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement? The main provisions of the agreement include the gradual establishment of a customs union between the EEC and Turkey, the liberalization of trade in goods and services, and cooperation in various economic and social sectors. Additionally, the agreement outlines the principles of non-discrimination and equal treatment between EEC and Turkish nationals.
3. How does the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement impact the free movement of goods? The agreement provides for the elimination of customs duties and quantitative restrictions on trade in industrial products between the EEC and Turkey. It also includes provisions for the harmonization of technical regulations, standards, and certification procedures, thereby facilitating the free movement of goods.
4. What is the significance of the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement in the context of EU enlargement? The agreement has been instrumental in shaping the relationship between the EEC (later the European Union) and Turkey, particularly in the context of Turkey`s aspirations for EU membership. It has served as a framework for deepening cooperation and dialogue between the parties, while also raising complex legal and political issues related to accession negotiations.
5. How does the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement address the free movement of persons? The agreement includes provisions for the progressive liberalization of the movement of Turkish workers and their families within the EEC, as well as measures to promote social integration and the protection of migrant workers` rights. However, the implementation of these provisions has been subject to various limitations and conditions.
6. What are the legal implications of the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement for competition law? The agreement establishes a framework for cooperation and coordination in the field of competition policy, aimed at preventing anti-competitive practices and ensuring a level playing field in the EEC-Turkey economic area. It also provides for the establishment of a joint committee to monitor and address competition-related issues.
7. How does the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement address agriculture and rural development? The agreement includes provisions for the progressive liberalization of trade in agricultural products, the harmonization of agricultural policies, and cooperation in rural development initiatives. It aims to promote sustainable agriculture, improve market access for agricultural goods, and enhance the overall competitiveness of the agricultural sector.
8. What are the dispute settlement mechanisms included in the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement? The agreement provides for a range of mechanisms to resolve disputes between the EEC and Turkey, including consultations, arbitration, and the possibility of referral to the European Court of Justice. These mechanisms are designed to ensure the effective implementation and enforcement of the agreement, as well as to address legal and regulatory conflicts.
9. How does the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement address intellectual property rights? The agreement includes provisions for the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights, aimed at fostering innovation, creativity, and technological development within the EEC-Turkey economic area. It also facilitates cooperation in the fields of patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets.
10. What are the prospects for the future of the EEC-Turkey Association Agreement? The future of the agreement is subject to ongoing political and legal developments, particularly in the context of EU-Turkey relations, the evolution of the European integration process, and broader geopolitical dynamics. It is likely to continue shaping the legal and economic landscape of the EEC-Turkey partnership, while also raising new challenges and opportunities.

EEC-Turkey Association Agreement

This agreement (“Agreement”) is entered into as of [Date] by and between the European Economic Community (“EEC”) and the Republic of Turkey (“Turkey”), collectively referred to as the “Parties.” Parties hereby agree following terms conditions:

Clause Description
1 Recitals
2 Definitions
3 Objectives
4 Trade Provisions
5 Customs Union
6 Intellectual Property Rights
7 Dispute Resolution
8 Termination

This Agreement, including all exhibits and attachments hereto, constitutes the entire agreement between the Parties with respect to the subject matter hereof and supersedes all prior and contemporaneous agreements and understandings, whether written or oral, relating to such subject matter.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Parties have executed this Agreement as of the date first above written.